By IDRC, Marc Van Ameringen
Development a brand new South Africa: city coverage v.2 (Vol 2)
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Additional resources for Building a New South Africa: Urban Policy
These changes created a fertile ground for the intensification of conflict within black communities. Over recent years, such conflicts have erupted mostly among hostel and shack dwellers, the most underprivileged segments of the community. The rural context The peculiar link between the rural situation and urban development in South Africa is not a simple association between systems of production (agriculture and industry). Rather, one system has been annihilated by the other. An African agricultural system was abolished through land alienation, restricted migration, and destruction of the social fabric.
In general terms, provision should be made to help in the process of constructing a new vision for South Africa. This is partly a political exercise, and resources should be made available for political and community-based organizations to develop, for example via urban demonstration projects, a concrete vision for cities in a postapartheid South Africa. The second broad area is building the country’s capacity to address a broad range of developmental needs. However, those involved in this process must recognize that programs of capacity-building must empower the black population and women directly and that some existing institutions, such as universities, provide the easiest and most costeffective means of building capacity and training people.
According to some of South Africa’s major financial institutions, which recently conducted a “scenario planning” exercise, the government could facilitate economic recovery by setting up an ambitious housing program to establish more than 400 000 new sites and 200 000 cheap housing units each year until 1995. Housing as a possible “lead sector” The democratic movement has begun to address the issue of housing as a possible lead sector to “kick start” the economy. The urban and housing debate is an important part of a larger macroeconomic program initiated by the ANC and COSATU in 1990.