By Brian K. Hall
Bones and Cartilage presents the main in-depth evaluate and synthesis assembled at the subject, throughout all vertebrates. It examines the functionality, improvement and evolution of bone and cartilage as tissues, organs and skeletal structures. It describes how bone and cartilage enhance in embryos and are maintained in adults, how bone is repaired once we holiday a leg, or regenerates while a newt grows a brand new limb, or a lizard a brand new tail.
The moment variation of Bones and Cartilage comprises the latest wisdom of molecular, mobile, developmental and evolutionary approaches, that are built-in to stipulate a unified self-discipline of developmental and evolutionary skeletal biology. also, insurance contains how the molecular and mobile features of bones and cartilage vary in several skeletal structures and throughout species, besides the most recent reports and hypotheses of relationships among skeletal cells and the newest info on coupling among osteocytes and osteoclasts All chapters were revised and up-to-date to incorporate the most recent study.
- Offers entire insurance of each element of bone and cartilage, with up-to-date references and broad illustrations
- Integrates improvement and evolution of the skeleton, in addition a synthesis of differentiation, development and patterning
- Treats all degrees from molecular to scientific, embryos to evolution, and covers all vertebrates in addition to invertebrate cartilages
- Includes new chapters on evolutionary skeletal biology that spotlight basic version and variability, and edition outdoors the norm (neomorphs, atavisms)
- Updates hypotheses at the origination of cartilage utilizing new phylogenetic, mobile and genetic data
- Covers stem cells in embryos and adults, together with mesenchymal stem cells and their use in genetic engineering of cartilage, and the idea that of the stem mobile niche
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Additional resources for Bones and Cartilage. Developmental and Evolutionary Skeletal Biology
A A reversal and correction in the opposite direction is the case of the infilled burrows of a shrimp previously identified as plesiosaur embryos (Thulborn, 1982). b See Smith-Vaniz et al. (1995) for the distribution in Carangidae, Meunier and Desse (1986) for an overview of hyperostosis, and de Buffrènil et al. (1990) for whales. 25 arises secondarily from a cellular tissue. In his pioneering studies carried out in the early 1960s, Melvin Moss from Columbia University, New York, showed that acellular bone arises by osteogenesis from one or a combination of more than one cell type: (i) periosteal osteoprogenitor cells (OPCs), (ii) cells in tendons (tendinous osteogenesis), and/or (iii) metaplastic transformation from cartilage.
2000) for resorption of teleost bone by both mono- and multinucleated osteoclasts. See Glowacki et al. (1986) and Peignoux-Deville et al. (1989) for these studies. , 1995). See Sire et al. (1990b) for the ultrastructural analysis and see Witten (1997) and Witten et al. (1999a,b) for V-ATPase and other histochemical features of teleost osteoclasts. See Moss (1961a, 1963, 1965) and Dacke (1979) for the lack of correlation with Caϩϩ or PO43Ϫ, and Simmons (1971) for the concentrations of Caϩϩ in various organs in the eight teleost species.
3). 30. See Atkinson and Hallsworth (1983) for pore structure; Masters and Zimmerman (1978) for the Alaskan mummy. 31. See Carroll (1997), Hall (1998a, 2002a), Fedak et al. (2002a,b), Vickaryous et al. (2002, 2003), Cole et al. (2003), FranzOdendaal et al. (2003) and Schoch and Carroll (2003) for recent commentaries on bone from the perspectives of development, palaeontology and other fields. 32. See Enlow (1966a,b), Wells (1973) and the chapters in Iscan and Kennedy (1989) for discussions of acellular bone, and Brookes (1971) for an excellent analysis of the blood supply and avascularity of bone.