Biotechnology, 4th edition (Studies in Biology) by John E. Smith

By John E. Smith

During this improved fourth variation of his well known textbook, John Smith once more demystifies biotechnology--especially genetic manipulation--by truly and accessibly explaining the background, innovations, and functions of recent biotechnology for college kids and the final reader. All facets of biotechnology are coated, and a good stance is taken about the power merits to human society. larger emphasis is additionally given to the general public belief of biotechnology and the moral and protection questions raised. The ebook is perfect for brief introductory biotechnology classes on the college point. earlier variation Hb (1996): 0-521-44467-5 past version Pb (1996): 0-521-44911-1

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The antibody has a Y-shaped molecular structure and uses one part of this structure to bind the invading antigen and the other part to trigger the body’s response to eliminate the antigen/antibody complex. It has been calculated that a mammalian species can generate up to 100 million different antibodies, thereby ensuring that most invading foreign antigens will be bound by some antibody. Antibodies have high binding affinities and specificity against the chosen antigen. For the mammalian system it is the major defence against disease-causing organisms and other toxic molecules.

8. a. a. a. Not available. a Assumes equivalent conversion efficiencies can be obtained. b Approximate guessed price in a wet-milling operation. c Glucose syrups on a dry-weight basis. d Daily spot price. e US price fixed by government tariffs. f On the basis of molasses being 48% by weight fermentable sugars. From Hacking (1986). Wood is extensively harvested to provide fuel and materials for construction and to supply pulp for paper manufacture. Supplies throughout the world are rapidly decreasing, due to extensive examples of deforestation: deforestation can often then be followed by desertification and soil erosion.

Provided that the genetic material transferred in this manner can replicate and be expressed in the new cell type, there are virtually no limits to the range of organisms with new properties which could be produced by genetic engineering. Life forms containing ‘foreign’ DNA are termed ‘transgenic’ and will be discussed in more detail in chapter 10. These methods potentially allow totally new functions to be added to the capabilities of organisms, and open up vistas for the genetic engineering of industrial microorganisms and agricultural plants and animals which are quite breathtaking in their scope.

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