Biomechanics of human motion : applications in the martial by Emeric Arus Ph.D.

By Emeric Arus Ph.D.

Biomechanics of Human movement: purposes within the Martial Arts delineates the overall legislation governing the human biomechanics via an in depth evaluate of martial arts thoughts and references to primary concept. utilizing basic arithmetic and physics, the publication covers intensive the anatomical origin of biomechanics, the biomechanical and physiological starting place of human movement, and the basics of biomechanics.

Divided into 4 components, the booklet covers:

  • The musculoskeletal anatomy of the most important muscle mass, their services, and the several roles of the muscle tissues in human mechanics
  • The biomechanical and physiological foundations of human movement, together with the very uncomplicated conceptions approximately lever structures, heart of gravity, kinematic chain structures, and Newton’s laws
  • Kinematics and kinetics through complicated examples from martial arts and their comparability to assorted activities techniques
  • The biomechanical ideas and research of the martial arts, together with anatomical and physiological issues, and the research of the actual houses of various techniques

Focusing on martial arts and sports, this booklet is designed for use via undergraduate and graduate scholars of human circulate technological know-how, actual schooling, and health, in addition to university teachers and martial artists.

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Extra resources for Biomechanics of human motion : applications in the martial arts

Example text

Rhomboideus major; 14. fifth thoracic vertebra; 15.  first thoracic vertebra. Musculus deltoideus is the most superficial and voluminous muscle of the shoulder complex. This muscle covers the scapulohumeral joint and has a triangular shape. Insertion: Has three origins according to the three parts of the deltoideus. The anterior muscle fibers originate on the anterior/lateral of onethird of the clavicle. The middle muscle fibers have its origin on the lateral part of the acromion process. The posterior muscle fibers originate from the spine of the scapula.

It contains calcium-storing sarcoplasmic reticulum. The basic structural unit of the muscle fiber is the sarcomere. Sarcomeres are units of compartments between two adjacent dark, thin Z discs or line (synonymous with Krause’s membrane). The Z disc transversely bisects the myofibril of each muscle fiber. 5 shows a skeletal muscle. 5 Cross section of a skeletal muscle and its connective tissues. The myofibril is composed of myosin and actin (contractile element). The Z discs or line sticks to the sarcolemma, stabilizing the entire muscle fiber.

For instance, to open a door, elbow flexion may be needed, and if the scapula, for example, is not stabilized, the contraction of the biceps muscle may cause a pulling forward of the shoulder girdle (dislocation) rather than an opening of the door. We can find similar examples in a Judo contest. During Judo contests using off-balancing (Kuzushi), opponents push or pull each other, but most of the time they pull each other than push each other. So, during the pulling actions, in addition to the biceps and the brachialis muscle acting as a flexor, there are stabilizer muscles of the shoulder girdle that prevent the dislocation of the shoulder joint.

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