Biological Anthropology: Concepts and Connections, 2nd by Agustin Fuentes

By Agustin Fuentes

Organic Anthropology: thoughts and Connections exhibits the relevance of anthropological options to state-of-the-art scholars and encourages serious considering. during the textual content and particularly in its many “Connections” gains, Agustin Fuentes hyperlinks anthropological strategies and inquiries to scholars’ lives. one of many most sensible students within the box of organic anthropology, Agustin Fuentes’ present examine seems on the monstrous questions of why people do what they do and consider the best way they consider. he's dedicated to an built-in, holistic anthropological technique. Fuentes wrote this article to assist resolution the “so what” questions and make anthropological wisdom suitable to way of life.

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Extra resources for Biological Anthropology: Concepts and Connections, 2nd Edition

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From these facts, these researchers conclude that there are inherent differences in intelligence among the three groups. What reasoning processes and assumptions lie behind these conclusions? The researchers make at least two assumptions: that the three groups are biologically distinct and that the tests actually measure innate cognitive abilities (intelligence). They then argue that the differences among the groups can best be explained as biologically based. Is this reasoning process logical, or are there inconsistencies and false assumptions?

In fact, proving themselves wrong is exactly what scientists do. Every now and then they come up with a strongly supported hypothesis or even a really robust theory, one that consists of a set of supported hypotheses that all interconnect and act as a powerful tool for explaining natural phenomena. ” What scientists do is take an enormous array of possible truths and reduce them to a few probable truths. This basic method is relatively straightforward, but in practice scientific inquiry does not usually begin with pure observation.

By the 18th century this concept was commonly held by Europeans with only slight modification: God at the top, angels below God, humans next, and then all the beasts of land, sea, and air. Although this notion may seem simplistic to us today, it influenced how people saw the world for centuries. Such a linear ranking of organisms supports the beliefs that higher ranked forms are better than lower ranked forms and that humans are superior to other life-forms. The Greek and Roman philosophers also embedded the idea of essentialism—the notion of ideal types—in our philosophical heritage.

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