Beyond Criminology: Taking Harm Seriously by Paddy Hillyard, Christina Pantazis, Dave Gordon, Steve

By Paddy Hillyard, Christina Pantazis, Dave Gordon, Steve Tombs, Visit Amazon's Daniel Dorling Page, search results, Learn about Author Central, Daniel Dorling,

Past Criminology is an cutting edge, groundbreaking critique of the slender concentration of traditional criminology. The authors argue that crime varieties just a small and infrequently insignificant volume of the damage skilled through humans. They exhibit that, whereas customized and culture play an enormous function within the perpetuation of a few sorts of damage, many kinds of damage are rooted within the inequalities and social divisions systematically produced in -- and through -- modern states. Exploring a number of subject matters together with violence, indifference, company and nation harms, homicide, young ones, asylum and immigration rules, sexuality and poverty, the contributions increase a few theoretical and methodological matters linked to a social damage strategy. just once we've got pointed out the origins, scale and outcomes of social harms, they argue, do we start to formulate attainable responses -- and those usually tend to be positioned in public and social coverage than within the legal justice process. The ebook presents an unique and tough new point of view that is going past criminology -- one that should be of curiosity to scholars, academics and coverage makers.

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Moreover, the role of such institutions embraces normative as well as material elements (Pauly 1994; Price 1994; T. Young 1995). Thus, more generally, Gill and Law argue that ‘during the 1970s and the 1980s, the emphasis, certainly with regard to economic policy, has shifted towards a definition of questions and concepts which is more congruent with the interests of large-scale, transnational capital’ (Gill and Law, 1993: 104, emphasis added; Strange, 1994). The construction of this new hegemony, then, relies not just on material power (the ability of capital and national states to distribute benefits and disadvantages), but also on a moral and intellectual leadership, so that the ideas associated with globalisation become predominant to the extent that they seep into popular consciousness, ruling out alternatives, and integrating into the ranks of the (relatively) advantaged some ‘subordinate’ groups while (often safely) consigning to economic and social marginalisation and exclusion whole segments of Hillyard 01 chap01 39 9/8/04 12:44:31 pm 40 BEYOND CRIMINOLOGY populations (Pearce and Tombs, 1996).

Requiring policy responses entails a politicisation of an issue – rather than handing it over to Hillyard 01 chap01 22 9/8/04 12:44:29 pm BEYOND CRIMINOLOGY? 23 unelected, largely unaccountable and certainly non-representative elites. Thus responses to social harms require debates about policy, resources, priorities, and so on. Notwithstanding the limitations of formal political processes in so-called western liberal democracies, these are surely more appropriate fora for debates than relatively closed and elite-dominated criminal justice systems.

In such a context there is nothing to address the growing levels of inequalities, nor ameliorate their consequences, which are currently being experienced by most advanced industrial societies and many countries have begun to dismantle the programmes built-up through years of struggle. THE ‘NEW’ INTERNATIONAL ECONOMY AND HARM PRODUCTION The capitalist economic system, while creating large benefits for sections of the world’s population, has always produced a wide range of social harms. As Marx so cogently showed, harm production is a necessary and essential part of the system.

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