By Léon Poliakov
En 1964, Léon Poliakov présente un recueil de records intitulé Auschwitz. L'ouvrage est le foremost du style en France. L'auteur avait découvert et rassemblé des resources dans le cadre du Centre de documentation juive contemporaine ; elles avaient servi à l. a. délégation française, dont il fut membre, au procès de Nuremberg. automobile l'histoire du génocide en France a longtemps été écrite dans les marges de l. a. communauté juive organisée, ignorée de l'Université, par des autodidactes qui apprirent sur le tas los angeles rigueur de l'écriture de l'histoire. Poliakov était de ces très rares.
Dans cette histoire totale, il conjugue, pionnier, les deux facets qui étaient encore mal distingués : Auschwitz, haut lieu du génocide ; Auschwitz, camp de focus où l'on vit, fût-ce d'une vie qui n'est pas une vie. Son realization à tout record nouveau et son extrême discernement le conduisent à intégrer un extrait du témoignage de Primo Levi, passé inaperçu, et à citer, comme representation de los angeles barbarie, le plaidoyer du médecin SS d'Auschwitz, Hans Münch, qui ne sera condamné par l. a. justice française qu'en 2000.
Lecteurs, nous privilégions désormais le neuf qui n'est bien souvent que l. a. redécouverte de l'ancien. Or en histoire il est des 'classiques' que l'on gagne à relire périodiquement. Celui-ci est du nombre.
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But Shackleton was restless to go back to Antarctica. He had already formed grander visions of his next voyage. “I want to go on a further expedition soon,” he said. ” 45 5 Nimrod Expedition In the late 1800s, the British Empire had made colossal territorial expansions. Oddly, the government spent little on exploring, conquering, and expanding the white spaces on the map. In some isolated cases, rich amateurs or industrialists backed expeditions. But gaining support for polar expeditions proved difficult for Shackleton.
Originally called the Ross Ice Shelf, it is the point where the glaciers that flow from the Antarctic land mass begin to float on the sea, creating a cliff of ice. Sir Clements Markham had ordered Captain Scott to follow the same route as Ross. On January 29, the Discovery at last passed Scott’s farthest trek. Everyone on board was keyed up to be entering uncharted waters and undiscovered coast. In his * In Shackleton’s time, Golconda was an expression that meant something very valuable. Golconda was the old name of Hyderabad, in India, famous for its diamonds.
Facing the blasting wind, he waited for a lull and pulled down his pants. No matter how quick he was, his pants would still fill up with snow. For the next few hours, he would battle the agony of a cold, wet bottom. Some of the men suffered from dysentery—a digestive illness that causes diarrhea. One can easily imagine the misery these men had to endure when blizzards raged for days on end. bay in search of a passage out. When Scott emerged on deck at midnight, Shackleton had still not succeeded.