Angola: A Modern Military History, 1961-2002 by S. Weigert

By S. Weigert

This research is the 1st finished evaluation of war in Angola to hide all 3 levels of the nation’s glossy heritage: the anti-colonial fight, the chilly warfare section, and the post-Cold warfare period. it's also the 1st to hide, intimately, the ultimate part of conflict in Angola, 1998-2002, culminating in Jonas Savimbi’s demise and the signing of the Luena Accord. writer Stephen L.Weigert deals a arguable account of the method of guerrilla war hired by way of the Unita insurgency in addition to an overview of the position and importance of management in insurgency. He demanding situations the normal view of Jonas Savimbi as a “student of Mao Zedong” and demonstrates that his technique of guerrilla conflict represented a extra complicated and nuanced variation of extra impacts, particularly Colonel George Grivas of the Fifties Cyprus insurgency. in addition, this account additionally urges the reader to think about Savimbi’s “charisma” as a personality trait which blinded and distracted many from a extra sober evaluate of his political dispositions (reformer or progressive) and his talents as an army commander.

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Like their political/military ancestors, all modern Angolan guerrilla leaders found that their initial appeals for support evoked a limited popular response. They led combatants drawn from a relatively narrow ethnically, linguistically, or geographically defined segment of the population at a time when the concept of a “nation-state” had not yet been carefully defined or thoroughly articulated in the minds of many Angolans. This should not have 32 Angola been surprising in a colony whose internationally recognized boundaries were not established until the second decade of the twentieth century.

Shortly after returning to Angola from his year in exile, in mid-1968, he found UNITA divided into three loosely aligned groups of combatants led by Samuel Chiwale, Paulino Moises, and Samuel “Kafundanga” Chingungi. Savimbi’s return was not universally welcomed. Although he did not publicly identify his assailants, or the reason for their attack, Savimbi belatedly acknowledged that three shots were fired at him in September 1968, in an apparent assassination attempt. 35 In November 1968, UNITA commander Samuel Chyala and 38 Angola some 150 armed insurgents defected to FNLA guerrillas who recently had launched operations along the Angola-Zaire border.

46 Impulse and spontaneity also characterized UPA’s early military efforts. One month after the February 1961 Luanda uprising, UPA planned a series of strikes by contract workers on coffee plantations in northwestern Angola. Emphasizing tactics reminiscent of those employed in Maria’s War, workers 24 Angola were expected to limit their activity to the destruction of crops, buildings and bridges; and they were to refrain from attacks on personnel. This plan was quickly abandoned, perhaps intentionally, but possibly due to the provocation of plantation owners who shot at striking workers.

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