By Ted Wragg
This up to date and revised moment variation now comprises insurance of the hot instructor appraisal and college inspection techniques. utilizing a mix of case experiences, images and illustrations, foreign schooling specialist Ted Wragg indicates how quite a few humans learn classes for various reasons and in numerous contexts. He supplies examples of profitable equipment which were hired by way of academics, scholar lecturers, researchers and scholars.
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Extra resources for An Introduction to Classroom Observation
A log of individual children’s activities could be constructed with categories such as ‘runs slowly’, ‘runs quickly’, ‘jumps’, ‘uses piece of gymnastic apparatus (specify which)’, ‘plays ball’; this might then be related to other measures of activity, like the monitoring of heart rates during exercise. There will be further description of projects of this kind, linking different quantitative measures, in Chapters 4, 5 and 6. 27 T H E U S E O F Q U A N T I TAT I V E M E T H O D S Behaviour modification Someone influenced by behaviourist learning theory (Skinner 1954) and wanting to apply it in the classroom would want to ensure that the principles were applied in a consistent manner.
Counselling Not all observations of teaching occur in large classrooms with thirty pupils. Sometimes teachers may be observed during an important part of their day when they are not in the company of the whole class, or when they are talking with individuals. Counselling children about their work, career, behaviour or aspirations is an example of an aspect of teaching that can occur with two or three children or even just one individual pupil. 3 Teacher counselling individual pupil more likely to occur in a one-to-one exchange.
Some observers use rating scales, others prefer some kind of category system. There are now thousands of published systems as well as unknown numbers of home-made approaches. Rather than gratefully seizing a category system or rating scale simply because it is available, it is better for observers to ask themselves why they might want to quantify something, as well as what might be the focus of their attention. There are numerous instances when quantities can be informative, especially when these are related to intentions.