An Introduction to Catholicism (Introduction to Religion) by Lawrence S. Cunningham

By Lawrence S. Cunningham

The Vatican. The Inquisition. birth control. Celibacy. Apparitions and miracles. Plots and scandals. The Catholic Church is seldom out of the scoop. yet what do its one thousand million adherents quite think, and the way do they placed their ideals into perform in worship, the relations, and society?

This down-to-earth account is going again to the early Christian creeds to discover the roots of contemporary Catholic pondering. It avoids getting slowed down in theological technicalities, and throws mild on features of the Church's institutional constitution and liturgical perform that even Catholics can locate baffling: why visit confession? How are humans made saints? what's 'infallible' concerning the Pope? subject matters addressed contain: • scripture and culture • sacraments and prayer • well known piety • own and social morality • reform, undertaking, and interreligious discussion Lawrence Cunningham, a theologian, prize-winning author and college instructor, offers an summary of Catholicism this day as a way to be fundamental for undergraduates and lay learn teams.

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189) to the Apostle Peter. There may be problems with the litany of names recounted by Irenaeus, but it is clear that he believed there was a legitimate succession deriving from the Apostle Peter himself – a belief he probably picked up during his own sojourn in Rome. Irenaeus was clear on two points: The Roman church was founded on the martyred presence of the Apostles Paul and Peter, and Peter’s successors had a lineage. 3). That Peter and Paul had died in Rome and were buried there is an ancient tradition which has some compelling historical evidence behind it.

Known as the ad limina (literally, to the threshold) visit, it was a strategy designed to bind the local bishop to the See of Peter in Rome. Sixtus also reorganized the papal curia with distinct offices (known as dicasteries) each headed by a cardinal; these offices functioned as the managerial office of the papacy. It was this pope who fixed the number of cardinals at seventy, a number that would not be changed until the middle of the twentieth century. the seventeenth century Protestantism was, by the seventeenth century, a fact, and the papal reaction to that fact was a dialectical one: to demonstrate to the world that the Catholic Church was vigorous and dynamic on the one hand and to enforce Catholic orthodoxy through the use of suppression on the other.

He resigned the papacy after less than six months in office but was held a virtual prisoner in a town south of Rome where he died in 1296. ” His successor, Boniface VIII, in fact, had encouraged the papal resignation. ” Wildly devoted to enriching himself and his family, personally pugnacious and vindictive, he was not without gifts. To him we owe a great deal in the area of the codification of Church law and in the founding of a university in Rome, and he was the first pope to call a jubilee year in Rome (in 1300), which attracted vast hordes of pilgrims as happens even up to our own day.

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