Advances in European Geothermal Research: Proceedings of the by A. Strub (auth.), A. S. Strub, P. Ungemach (eds.)

By A. Strub (auth.), A. S. Strub, P. Ungemach (eds.)

The first obstacle in power costs was once certainly a robust stimulus for the involvement of the fee of the eu groups in study and improvement on substitute power assets. certainly, the necessity to triumph over problems confronted via the neighborhood as a complete, relatively these because of its seriously unbalanced power provide, made a standard group method appear particularly apt. This reasoning additionally applies to power R&D, making an allowance for that responses to the main issue can be not just political or financial, but in addition clinical. 4 years have handed because the selection of the Council of Ministers to release the 1st group power examine and improvement Programme, facing geothermal power, solar power, hydrogen creation and utili­ sation, power conservation and effort platforms research. A seminar on geo­ thermal strength was once held years in the past to record on paintings in development on the half-way level of the four-year programme. the second one overseas seminar, mentioned during this quantity, was once arrang­ ed with the intention to provide a chance to check the ultimate consequence of this neighborhood funding in learn in geothermal strength. This court cases quantity as a result has major goals: - to give an evaluate of the result of the neighborhood geothermal programme, by way of eighty three formal reviews describing the person study programmes; - to teach how the group examine programme matches into the final context of nationwide and foreign examine on geothermal power, via together with the shows of six visitor audio system who brought the classes and gave keynote addresses.

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Additional resources for Advances in European Geothermal Research: Proceedings of the Second International Seminar on the Results of EC Geothermal Energy Research, held in Strasbourg, 4–6 March 1980

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1500 to 2000 metres. Some 15 000 dweLLings are ~Lready heated by thermaL water and the number should soon increase to 40 000. Here again, the prospects for exporting technology and equipment both to the Third World and to other industrialized countries are immense. Even to hot countries, paradoxically, since geothermal hot water can also be used to produce frigories as well as calories. e. European, process (ElectroLux) that this production of coLd has been made possible. Not only can this cold contribute to the general well-being in tropical regions but can also - and above all - be used to conserve perishable foodstuffs such as fish, bananas, meat, etc ••• This provides Europe with an outstanding opportunity not only to improve the alarming food supply situation in the Third World but also to re-establish Third World confidence in its former colonizers and to improve the present relationships between these countries and Europe.

The measurements are open to doubt and the high structural position of the measuring points falsifies interpolation, as anticlines are known to be hot areas which concentrate heat flow lines, whereas synclines, especially if they are subsiding are colder. Finally, there is the question of convection. Important differences have been observed between forecast and actual temperatures, amounting in some cases to tens of degrees, especially as geothermal engineers have the curious habit of drilling in structural lows, unlike their oil cousins who search for "traps" and porosity on structural tops.

And talking about volcanoes, why not envisage the possibility one day of recovering energy from the molten magma - this would provide the ultimate challenge for geothermal energy, but I shall leave Mr Tazieff to talk about that prospect in greater detail. It has been our pleasure to work with you over the last four years and we are ready to continue our cooperation in both research and development projects which are bold and imaginative. r tne Selected flesearch, Deyelopment. 00000000 (*> Hot supported by the Et - 36- I KEYNOTE SPEECH by Haroun TAZIEFF * I would like to begin by thanking you for having invited me to speak to you despite my reputation of being like a bull in a china shop Your invitation is flattering to me personally but is especially pleasing because it is addressed to a vulcanologist.

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