A Guide to Understanding Land Surveys by Stephen V. Estopinal

By Stephen V. Estopinal

The nonsurveyor's definitive land survey sourcebook—now widely updated

Over the final a number of a long time, the net has allowed people with a non-technical historical past to imagine extra keep watch over of land surveys. yet with no transparent knowing of the way to safely use land survey facts, and confronted with the demanding situations of speaking particular necessities to a pro land surveyor, conflicts frequently come up that result in litigation.

A advisor to figuring out Land Surveys bridges the ever-expanding conversation hole among the clients of land boundary details land surveyors.

This fundamental consultant in actual fact explains the services and strategies required in each survey (routine or otherwise), and the position of a surveyor of their research and re-establishment. it's a must-have source for identify legal professionals, paralegals, realtors, govt brokers, and others who depend on the knowledge accumulated and offered by means of land surveys.

Written in nontechnical language and supported by means of various line drawings, A advisor to figuring out Land Surveys not just is helping readers achieve a robust familiarity with a survey, plat, or land description, yet permits them to correctly assessment it, discover any inadequacies, and make the correct changes to acquire approval.

The 3rd version of A advisor to realizing Land Surveys has been accelerated with thirty percentage new fabric and is absolutely up to date to mirror the most recent perform guidance and know-how, together with using GPS and GIS in land boundary re-establishment. additionally integrated is necessary new fabric on how know-how can be interpreted in assessing the standard and accuracy of a land survey.

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Indeed, so little attention is given to the shape of the earth in performing tangent plane projection surveys that many people, even Land Surveyors, forget that every map or plat derived from measured angles and distances is the projection of a curved surface onto a flat plane. 3. ADVANTAGES OF TANGENT PLANE SYSTEMS The advantages of a tangent plane system are many and compelling. Chief among these advantages is the ease with which such a system is established. The Land Surveyor has a wide choice of methods of directional control and complete freedom in choosing the point of tangency.

First, if we were to mark every step of the woman walking in the scenario, we would notice several things. The north leg of the trip would be a straight land line segment, one mile long. The east leg of the trip would be a land line segment curving to the north, one mile long. The south leg of the trip would be a straight land line segment, one mile long. 4 42 DEFINING NORTH curving to the north, and, in order to return to the starting point, the walker would be required to travel slightly more than one mile.

The bearing of straight lines (except for north–south lines and the equator) vary throughout the line. Because none of the north–south lines are parallel, then a straight line that crosses several north–south lines must do so at a different angle for each north–south line. A simple examination of a globe is all that is needed to confirm that north–south lines (lines of longitude) are not parallel (they meet at the poles). East–west lines (lines of latitude), however, are parallel but, except for the equator, none are straight land lines.

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