2007-2008 Basic and Clinical Science Course Section 11: Lens by American Academy of Ophthalmology, Steven I. Rosenfeld, MD

By American Academy of Ophthalmology, Steven I. Rosenfeld, MD

Studies the anatomy, body structure, embryology, and pathology of the lens. additionally presents an summary of lens and cataract surgical procedure, and describes the problems of surgical procedure.

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Extra resources for 2007-2008 Basic and Clinical Science Course Section 11: Lens and Cataract

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The following are the procedures for assessment of the T, N and M categories: T categories N categories M categories Physical examination and imaging Physical examination Physical examination and imaging Regional Lymph Nodes The regionallymph nodes are the preauricular, submandibular and cervicallymph nodes. TNM Clinical Classification T - Primary Tumour TX TO Tl T2 T3 T4 Primary tumour cannot be assessed No evidence of primary tumour Tumour 15 mm or less in greatest dimension Tumour more than 15 mm in greatest dimension Tumour of any size with diffuse invasion of orbital tissues and/or bony walls Tumour invades beyond the orbit to adjacent sinuses and/or to cranium N - Regional Lymph Nodes See definitions on p.

Malignant Melanoma of Uvea 41 pTNM Pathological Classification pT - Primary Tumour pTX Primary tumour cannot be assessed pTO No evidence of primary tumour pTl Tumour(s) ofthe bulbar conjunctiva occupying one quadrant or less and 2 mm or less in thickness pT2 Tumour(s) of the bulbar conjunctiva occupying more than one quadrant and 2 mm or less in thickness pT3 Tumour(s) ofthe conjunctival fornix and/or palpebral conjunctiva and/or caruncle or tumour of the bulbar conjunctiva more than 2 mm in thickness pT4 Tumour invades the eyelid, cornea and/or orbit pN - Regional Lymph Nodes The pN categories correspond to the N categories.

PM - Distant Metastasis The pM categories correspond to the M categories. 6) Rules for Classification The classification applies only to sarcomas of soft tissue and bone. There should be histological confirrnation of the disease to permit division of cases by histological type. The following are the procedures for assessment of the T, N and M categories: T categories N categories M categories Physical examination and imaging Physical examination Physical examination and imaging Regional Lymph Nodes The regionallymph nodes are the preauricular, submandibular and cervicallymph nodes.

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